Published: Tue, September 11, 2018
World News | By Laverne Osborne

Bolton To Set Out Tough U.S. Stance On International Criminal Court

Bolton To Set Out Tough U.S. Stance On International Criminal Court

"Accordingly, we continue to call upon the International Criminal Court to open its immediate investigation into Israeli crimes".

Bolton, one of the most hawkish members of Trump's administration, is expected to make the unprecedented attack on the ICC in what appears to be a pre-emptive threat to block the court from investing war crimes committed by the United States during its Afghan campaign as well as to protect its ally, Israel. It has 123 state parties that recognize its jurisdiction.

Mr. Bolton also announced that the United States would shut down the Palestine Liberation Organization's office in Washington - a decision linked to the International Criminal Court, which he said was being prodded by the Palestinians to investigate Israel.

Between November 20 and 31 January, organisations in Europe and Afghanistan collected over a million allegations of war crimes from Afghan citizens, relating to U.S. military action in their country since 2001.

Trump's national security advisor John Bolton is expected to announce the closure in a speech Monday, along with the United States government's plans to impose sanctions on the ICC if it proceeds with investigations against the USA or Israel, The Washington Post reported, citing an advanced copy of Bolton's speech.

It added: "This decision is also consistent with administration and congressional concerns with Palestinian attempts to prompt an investigation of Israel by the global criminal court".

"In practice, however, the court has been ineffective, unaccountable, and indeed, outright risky", Bolton said. He said the USA would retaliate if the ICC tries to prosecute any Americans over conduct in Afghanistan. It also recognised Jerusalem as the capital of Israel last year and moved the embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem this year.

"Lowering the flag of Palestine in Washington DC means much more than a new slap by the Trump Administration against peace and justice; it symbolizes the US attacks against the worldwide system as a whole, including the Paris Convention, UNESCO and the Human Rights Council among others", Erekat said.

We will ban its judges and prosecutors from entering the United States.

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A spokesman for the ICC did not immediately respond for a request for comment. The court has convicted just eight defendants. She said, through its actions, the U.S. It's unclear when the notice will take effect. More than 120 countries are members, however, the U.S., Russian Federation and China never signed onto the court - with then-President George W. Bush opposed to its establishment.

When George W. Bush took office in 2001, his administration promoted and passed the American Service Members Protection Act, which sought to immunize US troops from potential prosecution by the ICC.

In addition, the United States may negotiate more binding, bilateral agreements to prohibit nations from surrendering Americans to The Hague-based court, Bolton said.

Team Trump's consistent disdain for the "soft power" of multilateral institutions and diplomacy, which has been a bulwark of USA foreign policy since World War II, is going to undermine this country for years after Trump and Bolton leave Washington.

In Bush's second term, the USA attitude toward the ICC shifted slightly as the world looked on in horror at genocide being committed in Sudan's western Darfur region. Israel, like the U.S., is not a signatory to the ICC and said the body lacked jurisdiction.

Even if the ICC was to take up a prosecution of Americans and Israelis, the U.S. could nix that with its Security Council veto.

The ICC is "antithetical" to USA ideals, said Bolton.

The United States declined to join the court during Mr.

President Bush, via Bolton, "unsigned" the statute that created the ICC in 2002.

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